Skeleton (anterior view)
: set of
bones making up the framework of human body.
: bony upper part of the jaw.
: bony lower part of the jaw.
: bone of the shoulder girdle, between the sternum and
: upper part of the sternum.
: bone connected to the front of the ribs of the thoracic
Ribs (1 to 7)
: first bones of the thoracic cage.
False ribs (8, 9, 10)
: the eight, ninth and tenth ribs of the
thoracic cage, which protect the lower part of the lungs.
Floating ribs (11, 12)
: last two ribs of the thoracic cage.
: bone of the pelvic girdle, comprised of the fusion of
the ilium, the ischium and the pubic bone.
: bone that is jointed with the hip bone to form the pelvis.
: one of the bones of the ilium.
: the thigh bone, the longest bone of a human body.
: round, flat bone situated over the knee.
: bone forming the inside of the lower leg.
: bone forming the outside of the lower leg.
: bony area at the back of the foot.
: bones of the foot between the tarsus and the toes.
: last phalange of a finger.
: middle phalange of a finger.
: jointed segment of a finger or toe.
: hand bone between the carpus and the phalanges.
: jointed parts of the hand between the forearm and the
: bone forming the outside of the forearm.
: bone forming the inside of the forearm.
: bone of the upper arm.
: bone of the back of the shoulder.
Malar bone or zygomatic bone
: cheek bone.
: bones of the nose.
: bone of the temple.
: bone of the forehead.
EN : Goat
FR : Chèvre
ES : Cabra
Domestic goats are one of the oldest domesticated
species. For thousands of years, goats have been used for their milk,
meat, hair, and skins all over the world. Most goats naturally have
two horns, of various shapes and sizes depending on the breed. While
horns are a predominantly male feature, some breeds of goats have horned
females. Polled (hornless goats) are not uncommon and there have been
incidents of polycerate goats (having as many as eight horns), although
this is a genetic rarity thought to be inherited. Their horns are made
of living bone surrounded by keratin and other proteins and are used
for defense, dominance, and territoriality.
Goats are ruminants. They have a four-chambered
stomach consisting of the rumen, the reticulum, the omasum, and the
abomasum. Goats have horizontal slit-shaped pupils, an adaptation which
increases peripheral depth perception. Because goats' irises are usually
pale, the pupils are much more visible than in animals with horizontal
pupils but very dark irises, such as sheep, cattle
and most horses.
Both male and female goats have beards,
and many types of goats may have wattles, one dangling from each side
of the neck. Some breeds of sheep and goats appear superficially similar,
but goat tails are short and point up, whereas sheep tails hang down
and are usually longer, though some are short, and some long ones are