Muscles (anterior view): fibrous organs that produce motion by contracting.
Orbicularis oculi: circular muscle of the eyelids.
Obricular oris: circular muscle of the lips.
Serratuf magnus: finger-shaped muscles between the ribs.
External Oblique: muscle whose fibres are oblique in relation to the body when it is standing.
Abdominal rectus: abdominal muscle with vertical fibres.
Tensor of fascia lata: muscular membrane that stretches and thightens.
Great adductor: muscle whose movement runs parallel to the plane of symmetry of the body.
Gracilis (slender): vertical muscle of the inner thigh.
Lateral great: large muscle of the outer thigh.
Gastrocnemius: the two muscles of the calf.
Soleus: extensor muscle of the foot.
Anterior tibial: muscle of the leg below the knee.
Long peroneal: muscle below the peroneals and above the metatarsals.
Medial great: large muscle of the outer thigh.
Straight muscle of thigh: vertical muscle above the knee.
Sartorius: muscle that pivots the lower leg on the thigh and the thigh on the pelvis.
Gluteus medius muscle: muscle of the buttock.
Flexor digitorum superficialis muscle: muscle that flexes the fingers.
Short palmar: small muscle controling the palm of the hand.
Long palmar: large muscle controlling the palm of the hand.
Brachioradial: muscle used to rotate the hand.
Biceps brachi: an arm muscle with two points of attachment.
Greator pectoral: bulky chest muscle.
Deltoid: triangular shoulder muscle used for abduction of the arm.
Trapezius: back muscle between the scapula and the spinal column.
Sternocleido mastoid: neck muscle connecting ther sternum to the clavicle and relative to the mastoid process.

Photo :

EN : Goat
FR : Chèvre
ES : Cabra


Domestic goats are one of the oldest domesticated species. For thousands of years, goats have been used for their milk, meat, hair, and skins all over the world. Most goats naturally have two horns, of various shapes and sizes depending on the breed. While horns are a predominantly male feature, some breeds of goats have horned females. Polled (hornless goats) are not uncommon and there have been incidents of polycerate goats (having as many as eight horns), although this is a genetic rarity thought to be inherited. Their horns are made of living bone surrounded by keratin and other proteins and are used for defense, dominance, and territoriality.

Goats are ruminants. They have a four-chambered stomach consisting of the rumen, the reticulum, the omasum, and the abomasum. Goats have horizontal slit-shaped pupils, an adaptation which increases peripheral depth perception. Because goats' irises are usually pale, the pupils are much more visible than in animals with horizontal pupils but very dark irises, such as sheep, cattle and most horses.

Both male and female goats have beards, and many types of goats may have wattles, one dangling from each side of the neck. Some breeds of sheep and goats appear superficially similar, but goat tails are short and point up, whereas sheep tails hang down and are usually longer, though some are short, and some long ones are docked.